Sapling Planting Primer

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Here are planting instructions provided by our primary nursery partner, Cummins Nursery:

http://www.cumminsnursery.com/plantinginstructions.htm

At the bottom of this document are links to Cornell University’s detailed care instructions for fruit trees and an additional set of instructions from Trees of Antiquity.

Here are a few things you should know about Newtown pippin apple trees:

1)Newtown pippin apple trees require a neighboring apple tree of another variety as a pollinating partner, so they won’t bear fruit in isolation. For this purpose we are providing a Honey Crisp apple tree, perhaps today’s most sought after variety. They should be planted within 30 yards of each other, but with space for an 8’ diameter crown.

2)Trees can be given only to stable groups who can provide steady care and harvesting, especially in the first years, but also throughout the many decades of their lifespan. This includes looking after their nutritional needs, hand thinning to ensure maximum annual yields, and other basic tending. Both varieties are disease resistant and have less risk of exposure in an urban environment.

3)Your first fruits might grow as soon as 2011, and the trees will grow fuller each year until reaching maturity by 2015. At that point you’ll enjoy up to 80 pounds of fruit per tree each year!

4)Both varieties are renowned for eating from the tree and cooking alike. Newtown pippins are also famed for cider and their ability to store for long periods. Newtown pippin consistently ranks at the top of annual Monticello taste tests: Monticello taste tests: http://www.monticello.org/gardens/fruit/apple_tasting.html

5)We have chosen dwarf and semi-dwarf rootstock to save space in tight community gardens, yield fruit sooner, and provide ideal dimensions for a small area of shaded seating. The trees will grow to about 10’ high with a 4’ crown diameter (a bit larger for semi-dwarf trees). They will be 4’ tall nursery whips (thin trunks) when you receive them.

6)Your garden or site should have plentiful sunshine, and must not be prone to standing water. You can remedy flooding problems with raised beds. Planting can be delayed until September with proper potting. Please consult Green Thumb, NY Restoration Project or another garden expert for help with this.

7)An organic orchards book recommend by local farms is The Apple Grower, by Michael Phillips.

Two great Cornell University links for new fruit growers are:

http://ecommons.library.cornell.edu/bitstream/1813/67/2/Cornell%20Guide%20to%20Growing%20Fruit

http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/fruit/index.html

And Trees of Antiquity has a great set of instructions too:

http://www.treesofantiquity.com/index.php?main_page=page_2


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